MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

Les Fonts Ufanes are located in Campanet, within the Gabellí Petit Estate, near the hermitage Ermita de Sant Miquel.

Hydrogeology
Asingular natural hydrogeological phenomenon in the Balearic Islands, Les fonts Ufanes are powerful intermittent water surges that come up suddenly and in a diffused manner, once enough rainwater has accumulated in the Puig Tomir massif and its surrounding areas.

These springs get their water from the rain that falls on the mountains and filters into the subsoil. Once it filters in, the water accumulates in an aquifer that sits over relatively impermeable materials. After several days of intense and constant rainfall, the aquifer overflows, and the water rushes up to the surface violently through the springs below the Gabellí Petit Estate.

The currents of these springs can go from 0 to 3 m³ /second in a matter of minutes under normal circumstances, reaching 100 m³/second in the case of exceptional surges. On average, these springs spew out an annual volume of 10 / 12 hm³. All of this water runs through the stream known as Torrent de Teló, comes together with that of other springs in the area and spills into another stream, the Torrent de Sant Miquel. From this point, the water placidly makes its way down to the flatlands of Sa Pobla, crossing the cultivation fields until it reaches S’Albufera. Here, in a radically different landscape marked by reeds and canals, the water virtually seems to stop in the final section of its course, before it flows into the sea.

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

The Gabellí Petit Estate is open to visitors from 10 am to 5 pm every day of the year. Please note that to get to the springs from the estate entrance gate you will need to follow a relatively easy circular path for some 20 minutes. Once you come to a crossroads, if you continue to the right, the trail will be easier, as it is not as steep.

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

  • Please respect the different natural, cultural and ethnological values that have inspired the protection of this area.
  • Do not pick up plants or animals.
  • Please respect all archaeological elements.
  • Bicycles and horses are not allowed.
  • Visitors may access the estate on foot only.
  • Pets, and particularly dogs, can disturb the fauna and herds. Please do not bring them to the estate.
  • Please remain on the marked paths at all times and proceed quietly, so as not to disturb the fauna and the other visitors.
  • We recommend that you wear the appropriate footwear, particularly when the springs are active.
  • Please inform the estate caretaker of any damages or irregularities that you see.
  • Wild mushrooms may be picked for family consumption. The collection of wild mushrooms for commercial purposes requires the prior authorisation of Espais de Natura Balear.

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

Officially protected by the Balearic Islands Government as a Natural Monument in 2001 (Decree 111/2001, of 31 August, BOIB No. 109 of 11/09/2001), the natural area of Les Fonts Ufanes covers a land surface of 50.2 ha. The entire area of the monument has been included within the Serra de Tramuntana Nature Area and is also a Natural Area of Special Interest (ANEI) by virtue of Law 1/1991, of 30 January, on Natural Areas and the Urban Planning Schemes for Special Protected Areas of the Balearic Islands. Co-financed by the European Union, the Balearic Islands Government purchased the Gabellí Petit Estate, consisting of 44.91 ha, in June 2005, thus opening the fountains to the public after years of social pressure.

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

Les Fonts Ufanes are located in Campanet, within the Gabellí Petit Estate. First you have to go to the hermitage Ermita de Sant Miquel, from here, the entrance to the estate is a few meters. Please note that to get to the springs from the estate entrance gate you will need to follow a relatively easy circular path for some 20 minutes. Once you come to a crossroads, if you continue to the right, the trail will be easier, because it has less slope.

MAPA

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

The holm oak woods are the most well-developed forest community in this natural monument. The thick treetops of the holm oaks (Quercus ilex) limit the passage of light, creating a damp and shady forest that is primarily inhabited by shrubs such as the mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus), the strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) and the Cyclamen balearicum. The clearings that have been made through the years have enabled the passage of light, which has in turn favoured the growth of the pine tree (Pinus halepensis). The holm oak forest also houses the shacks of wood colliers and charcoal production floors, which bear witness to the intense use of the forest for charcoal production in the past. The remains of a stone structure known as a talaiot in the holm oak grove speak of the prehistoric presence of humans in this area. Today only the doorway of the structure has survived. The exact purpose of the talaiots is not completely clear: whilst some historians believe that they were dwellings, others feel that they served as either meeting points or sites of social encounters and rituals relating to land ownership. The flatlands of the Gabellí Petit Estate are used for carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua) cultivation, a typical dry-farming crop in Mallorca that does not require a great deal of upkeep. The diverse landscapes of the Gabellí Estate are the ideal habitats for a wide range of wildlife species. The mammals found here include the feral goat (Capra hircus), the pine marten (Martes martes), the common genet (Genetta genetta) and the least weasel (Mustela nivalis). Also abounding here are countless birds including the common wood pigeon (Columba palumbus), the song thrush (Turdus philomelos), the European robin (Erithacus rubecula), the common firecrest (Regulus ignicapilla), the blue tit (Parus caeruleus), the chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) and the greenfinch (Carduelis chloris). You may additionally see or hear the common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), the sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) and the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris), as they fly over the area.

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

People who are unable to access the area due to any physical or mental difficulties, can request to do the routes in a Jöelette chair. For more information see leaflet www.caib.es To choose between the itineraries on offer, you can contact the Estate Information Point, they will suggest various options. (Contact phone number for the park: 971 18 10 22) To set a date for a visit, please contact the Red Cross volunteers, at least three weeks beforehand. (Red Cross helpline telephone number 971295000, 24hrs). The visit can be set as long as there are volunteers available. The loan of the chair is totally free. The Project is fully financed by “La Obra Social de La Caixa”. What are Jöelette chairs? They are a kind of all-terrain chair with just one wheel that allow people with reduced mobility to take part in excursions over rough terrain with the help of three or more people to lead the chair. Protected natural areas made more accessible The protected natural areas in the Balearic Islands offer many opportunities for us to enjoy nature, but access to them is impossible, in many cases, for people with reduced mobility. Now, the Jöelette chairs will allow people with reduced mobility to have first-hand contact with nature. An offer of 12 chairs. We have 12 Jöelette chairs that can be used in the protected natural areas of the Balearic Islands: eight chairs in Majorca, two in Minorca, and one in Ibiza and another in Formentera. And a group of volunteers has been formed to lead the chairs. Who can go on an excursion in a Joëlette chair? Any person, whether resident of the Islands or not, who cannot access the natural areas due to physical or mental difficulties can request an excursion in a Joëlette chair in the protected natural spaces of the Balearic Islands. The use of the Joëlette chairs is limited to people who weigh under 120kg. What itineraries can be done? The protected natural spaces of the Balearic Islands offer a wide selection of routes. Check which one is best both for its features and difficulty level as well as for the time of year. The staff of the protected natural spaces can give you extensive information in this regards. Requests In Majorca: Tel. 971 29 50 00 (24h), Red Cross in the Balearic Islands. In Minorca: Tel. 971 17 77 05 from 9am to 2pm Monday to Friday. In Ibiza and Formentera: tel. 971 30 14 60 from 9am to 2pm Monday to Friday. The request must be made at least three weeks before. Depending on the availability of the volunteers a date will be set for the excursion. If you have a team of people trained in driving Joëlette chairs, the availability of the chair/s will be confirmed when you put in the request. Education centres that book activities from those offered as educational resources by the natural protected areas can request the chairs, making a note in the inscription form of how many they will need. The use of the Joëlette chair is subject to availability of the drivers. The loan of the chair is totally free.

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

Gabellí Petit public estate

The Government of the Balearic Islands acquired the estate Gabellí Petit on June 2005, co-financed by the European Union. In the Gabellí Petit there are Fonts Ufanes, declared a natural monument in 2001 (Decree 111/2001 of 31 August). Area: 44.91 hectares. How to get there: to go to the public estate Gabellí Petit you have to go the chapel of St. Michael, in Campanet, from here, the entrance to the estate is little feet. Coordinates: 39.802997, 2.961845.

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

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