PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

Located between the two Pitiüses Islands, the salt marsh natural park Ses Salines d’Eivissa i Formentera, along with the adjacent marine and land reserves, sprawls from the south of Eivissa to the north of Formentera, and covers the channel that separates the two islands, with a land area of some 2752.5 hectares (1,776.3 of which belong to the park and 106.8 to the nature reserve) and an aquatic area of 14,028 hectares (13,611 of which correspond to the park and 416.9 to the nature reserve).

The Ses Salines d’Eivissa i Formentera Natural Park is a prime example of the Mediterranean’s rich biodiversity. The uniqueness of this park resides in the fact that it is a rest area and a nesting ground for countless birds, along their migratory paths. As a Natural Area of Special Interest, the park includes a diverse range of land and marine habitats of vast international ecological, landscape, historical and cultural value.

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

Since the 1970s, many efforts have been made to protect Ses Salines through legislation. All of those efforts were further promoted by the constant demand of the local people for the respect and protection of one of the most important natural sites in the Islands. The declaration as a Natural Area of Special Interest in 1991 covers much of the park’s area, and by virtue of State Law 26/1995, of 31 July, Ses Salines became a Nature Reserve. Finally, through Law 17/2001, of 19 December, on the Environmental Protection of Ses Salines d’Eivissa i Formentera, the entire area was declared a Natural Park and the Government of the Balearic Islands undertook its management and administration.

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

The following list includes some of the activities that require prior authorisation:

  • Research projects.
  • Scuba diving.
  • Filming and photography sessions.
  • Building fires.
Activities and uses that are incompatible with the park’s conservation are not permitted. These particularly include:
  • The circulation of jet skis.
  • Underwater fishing.
  • Bathing and use of the clay from S’Espalmador lagoon.
  • Public use of the islets and rocky outcrops and therefore disembarking in and entering these areas.
  • The removal or collection of land or sea flora and fauna.
  • Entry to or use of the ponds or salt marsh area, beyond duly authorised visits or activities.
  • Overnight stays, whether camping outdoors or in trailers.
  • Any type of motorised circulation off the roads and marked paths.
  • Walking on the dune systems or habitats of interest or special interest, beyond the footpaths or marked paths and roads
To notify or request authorisation for such activities, please contact the Regional Ministry of the Environment: Conselleria d'Agricultura, Medi Ambient i Territori. c/ Murcia, 6, 07800 Eivissa (Spain) or Gremi de Corredors 10. Polígon de Son Rossinyol, 07009 Palma

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

Located between the two Pitiüses Islands, sprawls from the south of Eivissa to the north of Formentera, and covers the channel that separates the two islands.

MAPA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

The sea accounts for approximately 85% of the park’s area and is characterised by the ecological importance of its underwater Posidonia oceanica beds. This marine plant, which is exclusive to our sea, ensures the continued survival of the fish populations and other sea life. Moreover, it oxygenates the waters, keeping them clean and clear, while sheltering the beaches from the erosive effects of the waves and maintaining the natural dynamics of the dune systems. The best-conserved Posidonia prairies in the entire Mediterranean, these seaweed beds are protected by the Directive on Habitats (92/43/EEC) and have been declared World Heritage by UNESCO.

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

On land, the natural park boasts a magnificent representation of most of the existing plant formations in the Pitiüses Islands, with some 178 different species in all. These include Mediterranean pine groves, coastal savin groves, glasswort beds and the halophilic plants that surround the ponds, the dune systems and the coastal plants found along the cliffs. Some 210 bird species have been catalogued in the natural park. Particularly worthy of note are the aquatic bird populations, including the flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus), the black-winged stilt (Himantopus himantopus), the shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), the Kentish plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), and seafaring birds such as the Audouin’s gull (Larus audouinii) and the Balearic shearwater (Puffinus mauretanicus). The lagoon, Estany Pudent de Formentera, boasts one of the largest communities of the black-necked grebe (Podiceps nigricollis) in Europe. Other animal species worthy of note in the park’s land areas include the Eivissa wall lizard (Podarcis pityusensis), which is endemic to these islands and appears on the other islets in different subspecies; the large garden dormouse (Elyomis quercinus ophiusae) on Formentera; and many different endemic beetle and snail species.

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

People who are unable to access the area due to any physical or mental difficulties, can request to do the routes in a Jöelette chair. For more information see leaflet www.caib.es To choose between the itineraries on offer, you can contact the Estate Information Point, they will suggest various options. (Contact phone number for the park: 971 17 76 88. Ext. 3) To set a date for a visit, please contact the Red Cross volunteers, at least three weeks beforehand. (Red Cross helpline telephone number 971295000, 24hrs). The visit can be set as long as there are volunteers available. The loan of the chair is totally free. The Project is fully financed by “La Obra Social de La Caixa”. What are Jöelette chairs? They are a kind of all-terrain chair with just one wheel that allow people with reduced mobility to take part in excursions over rough terrain with the help of three or more people to lead the chair. Protected natural areas made more accessible The protected natural areas in the Balearic Islands offer many opportunities for us to enjoy nature, but access to them is impossible, in many cases, for people with reduced mobility. Now, the Jöelette chairs will allow people with reduced mobility to have first-hand contact with nature. An offer of 12 chairs. We have 12 Jöelette chairs that can be used in the protected natural areas of the Balearic Islands: eight chairs in Majorca, two in Minorca, and one in Ibiza and another in Formentera. And a group of volunteers has been formed to lead the chairs. Who can go on an excursion in a Joëlette chair? Any person, whether resident of the Islands or not, who cannot access the natural areas due to physical or mental difficulties can request an excursion in a Joëlette chair in the protected natural spaces of the Balearic Islands. The use of the Joëlette chairs is limited to people who weigh under 120kg. What itineraries can be done? The protected natural spaces of the Balearic Islands offer a wide selection of routes. Check which one is best both for its features and difficulty level as well as for the time of year. The staff of the protected natural spaces can give you extensive information in this regards. Requests In Majorca: Tel. 971 29 50 00 (24h), Red Cross in the Balearic Islands. In Minorca: Tel. 971 17 77 05 from 9am to 2pm Monday to Friday. In Ibiza and Formentera: tel. 971 17 76 88 from 9 am to 2pm Monday to Friday. The request must be made at least three weeks before. Depending on the availability of the volunteers a date will be set for the excursion. If you have a team of people trained in driving Joëlette chairs, the availability of the chair/s will be confirmed when you put in the request. Education centres that book activities from those offered as educational resources by the natural protected areas can request the chairs, making a note in the inscription form of how many they will need. The use of the Joëlette chair is subject to availability of the drivers. The loan of the chair is totally free.

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

       
  • Camí de l'estany des Peix
  •    
  • Camí de sa Guia - es Trucadors
  •    
  • Camí des Brolls
  •    
  • Can Marroig - Torre de la Gavina

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

Camí de l'estany des Peix

Dificultad:Low
Distancia:3 km
Duración:35 min

Color:   

This itinerary lets you enjoy a coastal route around the Estany des Peix, a semi-enclosed natural bay offering different habitats and a multitude of species that are very representative of the natural park. It can be done on foot as well as by bike. The itinerary runs along a well-signposted trail called Camí de S’Estany. The itinerary begins by the coast, where the camp is, and continues around the entire Estany des Peix. You skirt around it until you get to a dirt trail that will take you to the end of the hike.

Etapas

You follow the perimeter of the Estany des Peix along the entire walk. The Estany des Peix is a semi-enclosed natural bay still connected to the sea through a pass known as Sa Boca (the mouth). This canal lets the water inside the bay renew itself with seawater and also lets small boats in for shelter. The shallow water inside the pass makes it impossible for larger vessels to enter. It has been used as a shelter for a long time and figures in the chronicles of Archduke Ludwig Salvator of Austria, who described this custom on Formentera. Evidence of human activities in the area is not limited to the marine environment; along the Estany des Peix are fields and rural houses. The roads leading in to the estates are lined with high, characteristic dry stone walls that give the area a very special look.
Without doubt the most representative environments in this area are the marine and coastal areas. The submerged part of Estany des Peix is characterised by a symbiosis between a green algae (Caulerpa profilera) and a kind of seagrass (Cymodocea nodosa). Around the entrance canal, Sa Boca, there is a posidonia meadow (Posidonia oceanica) growing at sea level. The ecosystems you encounter on the walk are alternating sandy beaches and small rocky inlets. The different morphologies along the coast allow for a variety of plant communities to grow. In areas that are often submerged in salty water you see salicornia and reed. Further on there is a large coastal juniper wood. And all along the hike you come across different species of the sea-lavender genus (Limonium sp.), some of them endemic to Formentera. Following the itinerary you come to a small corner where there are some fishermen’s huts among the junipers, just by the water. They are simple wooden structures with roofs made of palm fronds and other plant material that were used to guard and protect boats as well as fishing equipment. Using the Estany des Peix as a natural port for many years has given it a rather special character, very connected to boats and fishing culture. There are many small boats anchored in the water and you come across fishermen’s huts still in use near La Savina, at the end of S’Estreterol de Sa Boca and so on.
Following the trail and after the stretch that is furthest from the sea you arrive at an area known as Estanyets. Together with the arm that separates the Estany des Peix from the sea, this group of small ponds is known as Ses Bassetes and they have a history connected with salt production. It is considered to be the oldest salt production site on Formentera and dates back to Roman time. The area is basically made up of two larger lagoons separated by the dirt trail that you are walking along. There is also a series of separating dikes with halophile vegetation (salicornia for example). The characteristics of the separating dikes, their vegetation and the small sandy and muddy beaches around the lagoons make this an important place for many water birds to breed, feed and rest. Among them the nesting Kentish plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), the black-winged stilt (Himantopus himantopus) and the common shelduck (Tadorna tadorna) that come here to feed. The latter two species breed on Formentera but they only come to the Estanyets area to rest and feed. Among other habitual visitors are the little egret (Egretta garzetta), the grey heron (Ardea cinerea), the sandwich tern (Sterna sandvicensis), the European shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) and the great black cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo). Once you have walked past the Estanyets and Can Marroig areas, walking across a parking area, you come to a wooden walkway that takes you through a very well preserved juniper forest that stretches all the way to the coast. This area is known as Es Caló de S’Oli. It is an open bay from where you can see the port in La Sabina, a part of Illetes up to Pas de Trucadors and, where the view disappears towards S’Espalmador, the island of Ibiza. The area is characterised by a low, rocky coastline that is well protected from eastern and western storms. From the finishing point of this hike you can see another group of fishermen’s’ huts located along this stretch of coast, leading up to the point Sa Pedrera de Can Marroig. The underwater area near the coast hosts an extensive and spectacular posidonia meadow (Posidonia oceanica). Towards the end of summer or beginning of autumn the plant starts to lose its leaves and large amounts of residue piles up on the beaches. The leaves are transported by the wind and actually help many plants near the water to survive, as this is practically the only organic contribution they get. These plants are highly adapted to the difficult conditions presented along rocky coastlines such as this and cope well with elevated salt levels and a lack of water. One of these species is the Silene cambessedesii, a delicate-looking plant native to Ibiza, Formentera and the eastern coast of the Spanish peninsula. Further back from the water you see a different kind of vegetation, dominated by a subspecies of juniper (Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinate). The coastal juniper woodlands in this part of the Formentor coast are well preserved and full of interesting species.

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

Camí de sa Guia - es Trucadors

Dificultad:Low
Distancia:3,5 km
Duración:70 min
Recomendaciones:-

Color:   

Starting from La Savina village, this itinerary will let you walk along the old salt train tracks and then continue along the sand dunes until you reach the Es Trucadors pass. The trail is flat. It can be covered on foot as well as by bike (apart from the last stretch that can only be done on foot). Remember that during the summer months it is better to do this walk first thing in the morning or at sunset, since it will be very hot and many parts of the trail are completely without shade.

Etapas

Leaving from the port of La Savina and next to the fishermen’s association there is a small ramp that leads up to a dirt trail: the Camí de Sa Guia. This is where your itinerary begins. You are right in front of a large, linear path and from this slightly more elevated point you can see a beautiful view of S’Estany Pudent on one side and a panoramic view of the Cavall d’en Borràs beach on the other. The salt industry was present on Formentera until the late 1980s. S’Estany Pudent played an important role in the process, acting as a pre-concentrator pool, and water was led from there to the salt-producing areas Ferrer and Marroig. Along this walk you will come across many constructions associated with ancient salt exploitation on Formentera, such as the old guafes, big deposits constructed with dry stone walls where the salt was stored. You will also see Sa Sèquia, an artificial channel from the 19th century that the church ordered to be built to avoid illnesses caused by the stagnant water. The canal in use today is actually the second opening to be built, because the first one was closed when a hatchery was built for fish caught in S’Estany Pudent. You can see the hatchery near the opening of Sa Sèquia. As you walk past Sa Sèquia the path takes you through a coastal juniper wood on a very well preserved system of dunes right by the sea. This part of the coastline consists of alternating small rocky beaches and sandy beaches. You can see big piles of posidonia remains that the sea deposits here during storms. These remains fill a number of different important functions in the maintenance and balance of the various habitats in the area: it protects the coast from storms and it provides the plants growing on the dunes with nearly all the organic material they ever receive. The walk continues along the old Sa Guía track, where the salt train transported salt from the ponds to the port in La Savina.
Ponds are distributed alongside each other from south to north in this area. They are connected with S’Estany Pudent at the southern end and the crystallising ponds are located at the end nearer Molí de Sal (to the north). From the trail you can see the runoff canal as well as the canal that goes around the ponds. The purpose of the former is to make sure freshwater does not mix with the water in the ponds. The latter transported water with high salt content (brine) to whichever pond needed filling. Once the pools were abandoned different kinds of salt remained (magnesium salt, gypsum etc.) and they host a variety of important and exclusive plant communities dominated by different species of the genus Limonium. They also function as breeding ground for the Kentish plover (Charadrius alexandrinus) and the common shelduck (Tadorna tadorna). Other species also use the area to feed and rest. This demonstrates how the salt-production sites also play an important role from a conservational perspective; they are not merely a heritage of ethnographical interest. The old salt train tracks finish near Molí de Sal, also known as Molí des Carregador. In the early days this structure was a windmill that ground the salt. The salt piled up in great mounts on a terrace to one side and there was also a large storage space for it. Back in the beginning the salt was loaded onto ships from this part of the coast, which meant only small boats could access it. The process of grinding and loading was later moved to the port in La Savina.
Once you have walked past Molí de Sal you enter the area known as Ses Illetes. This is a series of small beaches with very white sand and transparent water. The system of dunes here is well preserved. A number of halophile plants grow on the dunes nearest the beach, for example the molinet (Silene cambessedesii), the sea holly (Eryngium maritimum), the European searocket (Cakile maritima), the shore bindweed (Calistegia soldanella) and the European beachgrass (Ammophila arenaria). Further back there is a well consolidated juniper woodland on top of the dune system. Apart from all these first-class natural values ethnographic elements also keep appearing. On the Xal•lanes beach there is a dry stone well where there used to be fresh water. This was a well known and very appreciated fact among seafarers and there are stories about 18th century sailors who would come from other locations around the Balearics just to get water from this particular well. The plant communities along this coastline are some of the most significant natural values in the area. The juniper (Juniperus phoenicea turbinata) plays an important role dominating the coastal woodland and enabling small passerine birds to establish colonies, such as the endemic Balearic warbler (Sylvia balearica). The trail continues to the beach N’Adolf, much bigger than the previous but again with white, fine sand and an important system of dunes. At the northern end of the beach sits the Puig de n’Adolf, a small rocky outcrop from where you get a spectacular view of the whole way you have just come: the Trucadors peninsula, the Freus and Ibiza. Visitors who come here are always surprised at being able to see the sea on both sides of the hill, from east to west. As you come down the hill the path continues along the narrow Trucadors peninsula. The sea is very near on both sides during this part of the itinerary, nearly at your feet. You again follow quite a long stretch where small beaches with white sand alternate with rocky inlets. You finally arrive at Pas de Trucadors. This is a narrow stretch of water, not very deep but with strong currents, that separates Formentera island from S’Espalmador. The tip of the peninsula is a great spot for a rest and a quick dip in the sea in summer, enjoying a magnificent view of S’Espalmador islet, the biggest one within the Ses Salines natural park. Please note: do not attempt to get to S’Espalmador by the Pas des Trucadors. The strong currents make it very dangerous.

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

Camí des Brolls

Dificultad:Low
Distancia:4 km
Duración:70 min

Color:   

Skirting the edge of the Estany Pudent we have the chance to enjoy the different areas associated with this coastal lagoon and to observe part of the remaining structure of the old salt industry in Formentera. The route starts next to the urban nucleus la Savina, on the lane signposted as Camí dels Brolls. From here we can already see the Ferrer salt flats. The path is flat. It can be done on foot as well as by bike. The itinerary is very easy to follow along a well-indicated path.

Etapas

Estany Pudent is a large coastal lagoon with an area of 3.5 km2. It only has one artificial channel to the sea — Sa Sèquia — located at its northern end. The Church ordered the construction of the canal during the 19th century to avoid illnesses caused by the stagnant water. The large size of the lagoon combined with the small connection to the sea makes the water very still. The salt content varies during the year, but the water is on average three times saltier than the sea. This means that the animals and plants you see along the way are highly adapted to these harsh conditions. The salt industry, present on Formentera until the 1980s, took advantage of the lagoon’s characteristics and used it as a pre-concentration pool. The hypersaline water was later conducted to the salt concentrating pools at Ferrer and Marroig. In order to optimise the Estany Pudent for salt production its coastal border was adapted it is surrounded by a wall separating it from a canal known as circumval•lador (circular), which functioned both as a channel and a concentrator.
The landscape along the first part of the trail has been very humanised and there are many examples of hypersaline environments dominated by salicornia and other plant communities. Along the furthest edge of the lagoon you can see well-preserved juniper woodland. Keep following the trail to arrive at an area where the salicornia yields to a plant community more common near fresh water, with reed (Phragmites australis), cattail (Typha angustifolia) and giant cane (Arundo donax). They owe their presence to fresh water springs — brolls in Catalan and hence the name Camí des Brolls. This water, together with rainwater, is collected in a runoff canal that surrounds Estany Pudent and eventually runs into the sea (at the La Savina port and the Estany des Peix). The canal was built to stop fresh water from lowering the salt content in the water used for salt production. Other vegetation in the area includes spiny rush (Juncus acutus), Scirpus nigricans, Phoenician juniper (Juniperus phoenicea), mastic (Pistacea lentiscus) and other species of the genus Limonium. The irregular conditions have allowed a very different community of sea birds to get established here, compared to the rest of the Estany Pudent. The runoff canal that leads past the Brolls is the only place on Formentera where the common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) and the mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) breed. The sides of the canal also offer a good habitat for species that are more common in salt-water environments, such as the common shelduck (Tadorna tadorna). The walk continues along the main track around Estany Pudent. Once past the first area with fresh-water springs you come to a second spring, also characterised by vegetation normally found in marshlands and not saltwater areas. Near here are a series of transitional environments that are essential for many animal communities. The lands fill an important function as breeding grounds for species such as the Kentish plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), the common shelduck and the black-winged stilt (Himantopus himantopus). They use the walls of the structure to lay their eggs and filtering and sediments have even created little beaches where they can feed. At this southern end of Estany Pudent the sides are very wide and so large areas are subject to flooding. A scattering of puddles and halophile vegetation fill a landscape dominated by salicornia and reed. During winter the area is full of water and many birds use it to rest and feed, but in summer it becomes very dry with a distinct lack of water. The ornithological significance of Estany Pudent does not only lie in the presence of various breeding bird species. Every year migratory birds arrive to Formentera to spend the winter here, which is what makes this area so important. Noteworthy among those species is a large concentration of eared grebes (Podiceps nigricollis) wintering near the waters of Estany Pudent. Members of this species begin to arrive during summer, when their breeding season in more northern parts of Europe has finished. Their numbers get bigger and bigger and towards the beginning of winter there can be thousands. They stay all winter and in spring they start to leave, heading back to their breeding grounds again. The trail skirts the Estany and starts getting near the Es Pujols area. Small salt cedars, or tamarisks (Tamarix sp.) grow along this final stretch and also in patches along the entire walk. They are essential in their function as protective screens, giving nesting and migratory birds in the area somewhere to hide. They also extend the diversity of biotopes in the area and allow for the presence of passerine birds near the lagoon. Towards the last part of the trail you again see more signs of human presence. You are now near the village Els Pujols.

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

Can Marroig - Torre de la Gavina

Dificultad:Low
Distancia:3,5 km
Duración:1 h
Recomendaciones:Part of the itinerary runs in a loop. The path is flat. Minimum duration is one hour. This itinerary can be undertaken on foot, or by bike. The trail is easy to follow and well signposted

Color:   

From the Can Marroig houses to the coast, this itinerary uncovers the diversity and natural assets of this public estate. The large Can Marroig houses dominate the plain at the lower part of Porto Saler and serve as starting point for this itinerary. Can Marroig is a main house with a large storehouse and two floors: an upper floor for the owners — originally the Mallorcan Marroig family, and later a family from Ibiza — and a lower floor for the staff. The Can Marroig public estate, approximately 149 hectares, offers a mosaic of various ecosystems and environments, many of them the result of earlier human interaction with the landscape surrounding the houses.

Etapas

Just in front of the house and walking past the visitor reception centre, take a path that runs through old crop fields with the original plant cover in various states of recovery. In the area between the juniper wood (Juniperus phoenicea) and the crop fields you come across the old threshing floor that used to be surrounded by haystacks. On the fields themselves, arvensic and ruderal plants predominate, species that are closely linked to human activity. In the midst of these plants junipers are trying to regain their old territory and you can see stands of different sizes scattered among the fields. In the beginning settlers on Formentera practised dryland farming, which got more and more intense. At the Can Marroig estate the main crops were cereals, vines and fig trees. Along the trail are traces of an agricultural and cattle-rearing past. In the middle of a large field you can still see a water wheel structure used to pump water and next to it a big water tank. A canal was constructed from the tank to distribute water through the fields of nearly the entire estate. A few metres from the water wheel you can see the remains of an old windmill, also used for pumping water: the Molí Petit de Can Marroig (small windmill), which retains parts of its shaft and sails. The path continues through the expanse of fields around the estate; they are not in use but still play a very fundamental role as recuperating ecosystems essential to many kinds of steparian birds. Examples are the sky lark (Alauda arvensis), the Thekla lark (Galerida teklae) and the stone-curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus). You also come across other objects related to the estate’s agricultural past. Next to the trail there is the Molí Gros (big windmill), excavated in calcareous sandstone as part of a complex irrigation system together with another large water tank. This windmill has lost the entire shaft and wing structure and the tower — due to the nature of sandstone — is in a very bad state of conservation. Only a few metres from the Molí Gros, to the right of the trail and in a more forested area, are the remains of a small shed that was used to store tools. More recently it has also been used as a pigpen. Along this part of the walk vegetation becomes much more forested and for a long stretch of the itinerary you hike through a more protected and shady area thanks to the expanse of pine forest that covers a large part of the public estate. The changing environments and ecosystems on show at Can Marroig is one of its appeals and a great natural asset. As mentioned previously, the areas nearer the houses are characterised by ruderal and arvensic vegetation on the abandoned crop fields. But it is pine and juniper that dominate the forest at Can Marroig: pine trees further inside the forest and juniper woodland towards the estate’s coastal areas. Another specific community of plants you will find inside this nature reserve is made up of aromatic plants like rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
Continue through the pine wood and exit into an open area where vegetation changes radically. You are now on a great plain full of stones with the typical vegetation you find on coastal cliffs. There are small junipers here shaped by salty winds from the sea, but also other species such as sea lavender (Limonium spp.) and shrubby everlasting (Helichrysum stoechas), dotting the vast expanse of rock with small pinpricks of colour. From here you can see the silhouette of the Torre de Sa Gavina (tower) from the 18th century, built between 1762 and 1763. It was an active defence element, even if evidence suggests it was never equipped with artillery. The tower had visual contact with the towers Sa Guardiola (S’Espalmador), Punta Prima (Es Pujols) and Punta de Ses Portes (Ibiza). The structure is that of a standardised second-class tower, eight metres high, outside diameter twelve meters and inside diameter seven metres. The dry stone wall that rises up next to the tower is the border of the Castell estate, so once you have had a little rest and enjoyed the view from the rocky coastline, it is time to start heading back. On the return you will walk along the coastal part of the Can Marroig estate. The trail runs over stony ground near the sea cliffs that rise between five and eight meters above sea level. It will also take you near Racó des Banc: a shelter for small boats and one of the few usable access points — from sea as well as land — to this north-western part of the island. Practically the entire coastal stretch of the Can Marroig nature reserve is pockmarked by small sandstone quarries. At one time public or private sandstone quarrying became very prevalent and this expanse of hollows and mounds were created as a result of extraction and accumulation. Many of the hollows are now inhabited by junipers that play a fundamental role stabilising and retaining sediments. To avoid this maze of hollows and hills the trail veers more towards the interior. Soon you enter the woods and again pine trees start dominating the landscape. Now you are near the end of the excursion and the Can Marroig houses are close by.

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

Can Marroig

  • Office of Ses Salines d’Eivissa i Formentera Natural Park Carrer Murcia, 6 - Eivissa 07800 Tel. 971 17 76 88 Ext. 4.
  • Recreational area Can Marroig

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

Sant Francesc de s'Estany

(Català)

SANT FRANCESC DE S’ESTANY Centre d'interpretació Què hi ha al centre? El centre d'interpretació de Sant Francesc de és el lloc ideal per conèixer els valors del parc natural de ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera. Immers dintre del propi parc natural, forma part de les dependències de l’església de Sant Francesc de s’Estany, al termini municipal de Sant Josep de sa Talaia. Els visitants podran descobrir, una exposició dedicada a la sal, amb imatges modernes i eines antigues usades per a l’extracció de la sal i el dia a dia de una feina actualment mecanitzada però que durant moltes generacions van ser el homes i la seva fortalesa els encarregats de portar la sal a les nostres cases i més enllà de les nostres fronteres, Avui dia encara, gran part de la producció anual està destinada als països del nord d’Europa per salar el bacallà. Per concloure la visita podreu veure una magnífica projecció audiovisual en què, sense moure's del vostre seient, tindreu l'oportunitat de gaudir de tota la bellesa del parc, els seus valors naturals i paisagístics, inclosos els més inaccessibles, els del nostre medi marí. De què poden informar-me? El centre d'interpretació ofereix als visitants tota la informació que necesiten sobre el Parc natural: valors ambientals, itineraris, permisos, restriccions, agenda d'activitats, rutes i visites al centre guiades, possibilitats educatives...Les activitats Telèfon d’Informació: 971 177 688 Ext 3 i 4. Horari: dimecres, dijous, divendres, dissabte i diumenge. De 10h a 14h Dilluns, dimarts i dies Festius: Tancat. En ocasions especials, de poder obrir alguna tarda , PRÈVIA RESERVA, als grups que així ho sol·licitin al 971 17 76 88 ext.3-4 L'entrada és gratuïta.

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